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Pula in History: 3D Video Reconstruction of the Arena in Ancient Times
A 3D video reconstruction of the Roman amphitheatre in Pula was created by the Dutch 3D rendering studio Lumion in collaboration with two Croatian animators, Stipan Ujdur and Ivan Popić from Opuzen.
The amphitheatre in Pula, also known as the Arena, is considered to be a priceless part of Croatian cultural heritage and the main tourist attraction in the city. Apart from being the largest and the best preserved ancient monument on Croatian soil, it's also the sixth largest surviving Roman amphitheatre in the world and the only one that was originally built with four side towers. The Arena in its current state is the only surviving edifice of its kind that still has three classical architectural orders preserved on its exterior surface.
The amphitheatre was built between 27 BC and 68 AD, in the age when Pula used to be a regional centre of Roman rule. It's believed the construction works started as early as during the reign of Augustus, while the age of the Flavian dynasty has seen the Arena finished. It was built outside the city walls, facing the sea. Once a venue for gladiator fights, the edifice could accommodate up to 23.000 spectators.
Nowadays the main space of the Arena is used as a venue for concerts, theatre productions and film screenings, as well as a filming location the underground passages were turned into an exhibition space about viticulture and olive growing in Istria during the Roman rule. The Arena is visited by 300.000 people annually.
The animation shows what the amphitheatre used to look like in ancient times, giving you a tour around the edifice and through the underground passages. Take a look at the video below:
Pula Arena Interior - History
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The island of Mljet is one of the larger islands off the coast of Southern Croatia. With 72% of the island covered by forests and the rest dotted by fields, vineyards and small villages, Mljet is a perfect place to relax. The island contains two salt lakes, Veliko and Malo Jezero, that are located at the western end of the island. In the middle of Veliko Jezero, there is a small island with an old Benedictine monastery.
Pula Arena Interior - History
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Pula, Italian Pola, major port and industrial centre in western Croatia. It lies at the southern tip of Istria (peninsula) at the head of the Bay of Pula and has a large, almost landlocked harbour in which there is a naval base and the Uljanik shipyards.
Conquered by Rome in the 2nd century bce , Pula by the 2nd century ce was the seat of a Christian bishop, and in later centuries it was part of the territories of Byzantium, of the Franks, and of Venice. In 1380 the Genoese exacted revenge raids on Pula. For some 400 years Pula declined in importance, until the 19th century. Plagues reduced the population to only hundreds in the 1630s. Austria took the town in 1797 after 1866 it became the main harbour and arsenal of the Austro-Hungarian navy. It passed to Italy in 1920 and after 1947 became part of Croatia (then part of Yugoslavia).
The town’s outstanding monument is the elliptical Roman amphitheatre completed about 80 ce and seating 23,000. A temple of Augustus and a Byzantine basilica were extensively restored after the destructive conflict between Genoa and Venice. The Kaštel, on the hill at the centre of the old town, is a museum and was previously a fortress.
Pula is linked to Trieste (Italy) and Ljubljana by road and rail. Manufactures include machinery, textiles, cement, and glass. Pop. (2001) 58,594 (2011) 57,460.
27. Aviva Stadium, Dublin, Ireland
The Irish national rugby union team and the Republic of Ireland soccer team call the gleaming Aviva Stadium in Dublin, Ireland home. The stadium’s design takes into account its close proximity to local residences by featuring a pronounced sweeping curve at its north end, as well as an unusual transparent polycarbonate facade and roof designed to allow as much natural light as possible through to the neighboring houses. The $562 million, 51,700-seat facility, which occupies the former site of the Landsdowne Road stadium, opened in May 2010 and was designed by international firm Populous and British and Irish architects Scott Tallon Walker. In 2011, it triumphed in the international category of the British Construction Industry Awards.
PHOTOS: 2CELLOS star shows off his new luxury Istrian home
Luka Šulić and Stjepan Hauser are currently on a month break from their US tour which will resume next month in Chicago and end in April in Orlando.
Hauser is spending his break relaxing at his new luxury home near Pula on Croatia’s Istrian Peninsula and he took to social media to show it off.
The three-level newly built home, which is a stone’s throw from the Adriatic Sea, features a swimming pool and sand volleyball court.
(Photo: Instagram) (Photo: Instagram)
2CELLOS recently released their new album Let There Be Cello and may take an extended rest once they return from their 36-show US tour.
“That was insane. Life, rhythm and pace were murderous. We really overdid it. 200 flights a year, constant concerts, traveling on all continents, shooting… We simply just have to get away from it. When we recapitulate ourselves, or if we do, we can go on again,” Hauser said in an interview before the tour.
దస్త్రం:Pula Arena, Istria, Croatia.JPG
తేదీ/సమయం ను నొక్కి ఆ సమయాన ఫైలు ఎలా ఉండేదో చూడవచ్చు.
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కింది పేజీలలో ఈ ఫైలుకు లింకులు ఉన్నాయి:
A Brief History of the Verona Arena
Built in the first century, the Verona Arena is an open-air Roman amphitheater that’s still fully in use today, making it one of the best-preserved ancient structures in the world. That means that these stones have seen everything from gladiator games to One Direction concerts, from medieval jousts to Puccini operas. Its colorful palimpsest of histories makes it a perfect representation of Verona itself.
The city was built up in the first stage of the Roman Empire’s expansion because of its strategic location on the river Adige. It was used as a base for controlling the northern territories, and it was at the center of many important roads. You can see the footprints of this ancient history all around the city, as Roman ruins are incorporated with nonchalance into the everyday fabric of the infrastructure. The Arena today is located in the historic center of the city, but back in Roman times it was on the border of the urban area, just outside the city’s walls.
The Arena is made from pink and white stone from nearby Valpolicella. It originally had three tiers of arches running along the border, but only two survived. The place held over 20,000 people in its heyday, hosting festivals that would draw visitors from all over. It was a complex and demanding entertainment industry, powered by the labor of hundreds of slaves in the underground tunnels. Grandiose stage sets would be erected in the central space. The elliptical shape gives the space excellent acoustics.
There were processions, circus acts, dancing and music, but, above all, the citizens came to see blood sports. Fierce wild animals from faraway places in the empire were brought in to be hunted, and condemned prisoners were executed in bloody and inventive ways. The feature presentation was always a gladiator show, in which two trained combatants would fight one another to the death. The word “arena” means sand, and it refers to the sand that covered the floor of the ring to absorb the blood spilled during the fights.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the theater hosted games and tournaments. The first documented joust took place here in 1590, with all kinds of equestrian games plus knights demonstrating their horsemanship and fighting skill.
Both Veronese knights and foreigners came to participate, from even as far as Sweden. Shows like bull hunting continued into the 17th century, and exotic animal exhibits were always popular. In 1751, a rhino was shown in the Arena to the wonder of all the spectators.
Even today, the Arena continues to play host to a variety of important cultural events. It’s one of the best places in the world to see opera is here at the yearly summer festival, which hosts up to four different productions. And from the most renowned opera singers of the world to contemporary artists like Pearl Jam and Adele it continues to be relevant. It was even the setting for a recent Bollywood movie called Rockstar.
That’s just a brief history of a place with 2,000 and some years of history on its back.
Sleep [ edit ] [ add listing ]
Tourist information can provide you with a list of accommodation in Pula, although they will not make reservations for you.
- Hotel Riviera (1-star). Fabulous looking hotel built in 1907 for the high-ranking officers in the Austro-Hungarian army. Never properly refurbished since then it is now showing its age, but structurally it is impressive and looks oh-so-grand from the outside. The rooms are currently decked out with 1960s/70s fittings (orange bedcovers, brown wooden panelling, lime green phone), with the sparseness showing the lack of funds for upkeep. Having said all that, it's clean, tidy, and comfortable. No doubt within a few years someone will make the investment to bring it back to its former glory. Quite expensive for its facilities.
- Youth Hostel Pula, Zaljev Valsaline 4, (central booking office: +385 1 4829 296 [email protected] ).
The hostel is situated in the beautiful Valsaline bay and boasts of a location right on the beach. It can provide amenities such as table tennis, chess, kayaking, pedal boats and scuba diving. The hostel is located only a few minutes’ drive from the city center and the main bus station, by car or a public transport. Youth Hostel Pula has 216 beds divided into 41 dorm rooms with private and shared bathroom facilities. The hostel offers a bar, restaurant and a hall ideal for organizing meetings and seminars. The peaceful surroundings, friendly staff and the location of the hostel guarantee a pleasurable stay for individuals and groups. Dorm beds starting from 95,00 kn (12,70 €).