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The area of Gebel the Silsila, in Aswan (Egypt) is news during these days for the discovery carried out by an archaeological mission led by Maria Nilsson and John Ward, who have discovered a necropolis about 3,400 years old old.
So far, more than 40 graves, among which a small chapel stands out, although not much remains of it since it was looted years ago.
This chapel has two chambers and has decoration on the walls. On the entrance door we find a winged solar disk and a scarab with the name of Tuthmosis III and a reversible ring has also been found.
According to Nilsson, many of the tombs have suffered severe erosion and great deterioration caused by the floods that occur every year, causing sand slides and large concentrations of salt to occur, damaging the graves significantly.
The first studies reveal that the tombs have been dated to the early 18th dynasty and later reused during the 19th dynasty. What has been verified has been the discovery of several reliefs that are intact as well as six statues carved in the rock.
The tombs are carved out of the rock and each of them is composed of one or two chambers, devoid of ornaments and with one or more crypts. It has been advanced that some retain remains of the original seal as huge stones that prevented access that were set in carved vertical grooves, which will allow, if they are removed, to obtain a lot of information about what is inside.
One aspect that has attracted a lot of attention has been some steps carved into the rock, which lead to a square chamber, which gives more importance to this find, this being the first in which tombs with steps have been discovered in this area of Egypt.
These tombs contained a large number of bones, both of men, women and children of different ages, but none of them can be identified as there are no inscriptions or decorative motifs, either inside or outside.
What has been found have been pieces of painted clay, possibly to decorate the coffins. Likewise, different beads and amulets have also been found, which would reveal that the people buried there enjoyed a certain status, although much research still needs to be done to draw more exact conclusions.
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